Amazon has lost 2.6 billion trees from when it began to be occupied

Best Growth Stock – The Brazilian Amazon lost nearly 2,600 million trees since the largest rainforest in the world began to be occupied by settlers and up to 2002, according to estimates released today by the Brazilian Government.

According to a study of the State Brazilian Institute of geography and statistics (Ibge), since he considered vegetable lung of the world began to feel the effects of human action, the Amazon lost about 15.3 per cent of the forests originally, extending nearly four million square kilometres in Brazil.

But the devastated area has increased since 2002, according to the official study, because the process of deforestation has accelerated in the last table decades and he concentrated on the southern edges and East of the Amazon, where the jungle fighting against the advance of interested farmers to increase their crop areas.

The nearly of 612,000 square kilometers of jungle destroyed.collapsed since the start of the colonization Brazil portuguesa housed, according to the Ibge estimates, about 2,600 million trees.

And that total of missing trees corresponds to about 13% of the total number of trees with more than 33 centimeters diameter estimated that you there are in the Amazon region.

“In terms of volume, 4.7 billion cubic metres of wood were eliminated by deforestation in the jungles of the Amazon Legal until 2002”, adds the report.

The Institute estimates, updated with data collected in 2002, refer to the so-called Legal Amazonia, which is the territory of Brazil occupied by 775 municipalities with Amazonian forests.

In the Legal Amazon region, an area of 5 million square kilometres to 59 per cent of Brazilian territory, living nearly 24 million people in the States of Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Pará, Rondonia and Roraima, and 98% of the State of Tocantins, Maranhão 79% and 0.8% of Goiás.

In addition to shelter the Amazonian forests in Brazil, which correspond to the third part of the tropical rainforests on the planet, the municipalities of the Legal Amazon region contain 20 percent of the Cerrado (Brazilian savannah), which is the second largest ecosystem of the country.

The Legal Amazon region, according to the Ibge, has the greatest biodiversity, the largest genetic Bank and the fifth part of the availability of drinking water in the world.

Region concentrated a 45 per cent of the underground water of Brazil and, to be mainly composed of rocks you sedimentares, its subsoil has great potential for the exploitation of oil.

According to the Institute, the historic deforestation of the Amazon has been responsible for the Elimination of 23,000 million tons of biomass (12.7 per cent of the total) and 6.6 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions.

“It is estimated that in 2002 there were nearly 157,000 million tonnes of biomass and 45 billion tonnes of CO2 (retained) surplus in the Legal Amazon”, according to the Ibge.

According to the forestry engineer André Almeida, one of the Ibge researchers responsible for the study, the occupation of the Amazon has been totally predator because much of the deforested areas is not currently used.

“Just 15% of the devastated area is used for agriculture.” “30% Is recovering its vegetation cover, i.e. that someone her retired timber and other resources and abandoned her,” he explained.