Factbox: Greece’s main urban guerrilla groups

(BestGrowthStock) – Parcels exploded at the Swiss and the Russian embassies in Athens on Tuesday and police detonated suspect packages at two other embassies and a courier company, in the latest wave of parcel bomb attacks in the Greek capital.

On Monday, Greek police intercepted a booby-trapped parcel addressed to French President Nicolas Sarkozy, after another package exploded at a courier company in Athens, slightly wounding an employee.

Shortly after Monday’s explosion, police arrested two suspects and detonated two more makeshift parcel bombs they carried and a third one found at another deliver company.

Greece has been rocked by a wave of gas canister and bomb attacks, usually claimed by leftist groups, since the police killing of a teenager in Athens in 2008 sparked the country’s worst riots in decades.

Here are some facts on left-wing guerrilla groups which have claimed responsibility for attacks in Greece:


Police suspects one of the two men it arrested on Monday is a member of a Greek leftist guerrilla group known as the Fire Conspiracy Cells.

In May 2009, the group previously known only for gas canister attacks claimed responsibility for two small time-bombs that exploded at construction sites for two new police stations.

In September 2009, it said it was behind a small bomb attack outside a government building in the northern city of Thessaloniki. The bomb went off hours after a blast outside the Athens bourse claimed by Revolutionary Struggle.

In January 2010, Fire Conspiracy Cells claimed responsibility for a small bomb explosion outside parliament.

In March, the group said it was behind three small blasts at a police detention center, the home of a leading member of the Pakistani community in Greece and the far-right Golden Dawn group in Athens, within a space of 30 hours. It also warned it would step up attacks.

Greek police has arrested this year 17 people suspected to be members of the group.


Revolutionary Struggle emerged in September 2003, about a year after the capture of the deadly urban guerrilla group November 17, which had killed more than 20 Greek and foreign diplomats, businessmen and politicians in its 27-year existence.

In 2006, the group attempted to kill a minister and in 2007 it launched a rocket-propelled grenade at the U.S. embassy in Athens, causing minor damage but no injuries.

The group reappeared weeks after police killed a teenager in December 2008, which sparked the country’s worst riots in decades. It claimed responsibility for shooting at riot police guarding the Culture Ministry, seriously wounding a 21-year-old officer.

Revolutionary Struggle has claimed responsibility for an attack on a police bus and a failed bomb attack on Royal Dutch Shell’s headquarters in Athens, in 2008. In March 2009, it claimed two bomb attacks at Citibank branches in Athens.

The group has also said it was behind a blast at the Athens bourse in September 2009 which damaged the building.

Greece charged six suspected members of Revolutionary Struggle, the country’s most militant guerrilla group, in April, over a series of bomb attacks.


The Rebel Sect emerged in February 2009 in a gun and grenade attack on an Athens police station. Weeks later, two hooded gunmen fired dozens of shots at a TV station in southwestern Athens, causing no injuries.

The Rebel Sect usually claims responsibility for its raids in CDs sent to the media. In its statements, the group has said it targets police, politicians, lawyers and journalists.

In June 2009, Rebel Sect claimed responsibility for the killing of a Greek anti-terrorism policeman in Athens. He was shot several times at close range. It was the first deadly attack since the country’s 2008 riots.

(Reporting by Renee Maltezou; Editing by Ingrid Melander)

Factbox: Greece’s main urban guerrilla groups