Factbox: Key problems facing Nokia CEO

HELSINKI (BestGrowthStock) – Shares in Nokia jumped on Tuesday after the Wall Street Journal reported the world’s top cellphone maker has started to look for a replacement for Chief Executive Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo.

The following are key challenges facing the new leader:

AILING HIGH-END PHONE PORTFOLIO

Nokia’s long reliance on the Symbian operating system for its smartphones, while profitable given the volume of phones it produces, left it badly exposed when Apple launched its iPhone in 2007.

While Nokia remains the clear leader in terms of cellphone volumes thanks to a strong presence in countries like China, India and Indonesia, its weakness in smartphones has led to Apple becoming the most profitable handset maker.

Nokia was slow to match Apple’s touch-screen technology, and has yet to cultivate the wide developer base enjoyed by both Apple and Android developer Google, giving consumers little reason to use its phones.

Kallasvuo disappointed investors in April when he said the roll-out of the latest Symbian software, something seen by analysts as key in the fight versus Apple, would be delayed until later in 2010, with further upgrades pushed back to 2011.

Nokia has lacked an iconic high-end phone since launching the N95 in 2006, ceding creative ground at exactly the moment when one of the world’s leaders in technology design and marketing was set to enter the market.

IMPLOSION IN U.S. MARKET

In the late 1990s, when Nokia made its run and passed Motorola to become the top mobile phone maker, a crucial factor was the Finnish firm’s success in the U.S. market, both in terms of generating cash as well as consumer buzz. The buzz has long gone. Now Nokia has well under 10 percent of the U.S. market, lagging rivals including Apple, Samsung and LG. Nokia lacks a presence in the world’s leading media market at the moment it needs it most.

When taking the helm of Nokia in 2006 Kallasvuo made one big promise — he would focus fully on fixing Nokia’s problems in the United States, spending a week each month on the problem — but there has been no improvement since then.

A key stumbling block for Nokia in the U.S. has been the dominance of large operators like AT&T and Verizon, and Nokia’s insistence — some say arrogance — on designing and selling its phones without operator input.

“OLD NOKIA” LEADERSHIP

Some analysts say Nokia is long overdue in bringing in fresh blood to replace the old, mainly Finnish, guard that drove the former rubber boots-to-toilet paper conglomerate to cellphone market leadership in 1998.

The current board chairman, Jorma Ollila, and Kallasvuo have worked together since the 1980s, when it started to invest more in the fledgling cellphone business and spin off non-core units like monitors, televisions, car tires and cables.

While the firm has a non-Finn on the board, vice chair Marjorie Scardino from Pearson, eight of the 10 members of the group executive board are Finnish men, with Venezuelan Alberto Torres and American Mary McDowell as the only non-Finns.

“Finding a U.S. CEO willing to move to Finland is going to be tough. Nokia hasn’t traditionally paid massive compensation packages required for taking such punishment,” said Tero Kuittinen, analyst at MKM Partners.

FAILED SERVICES PUSH

One of Kallasvuo’s top initiatives, Nokia’s push into the higher-margin Internet business to make up for falling hardware margins has either stalled or, in some cases, failed completely.

The firm’s services cornerstone, its Ovi Web site, has yet to attract the same volume of users as Apple’s App store.

Its “share on Ovi” media sharing site, opened to the public in February 2008, was iced in May 2009. Gaming service N-Gage, itself the reincarnation of poor-selling gaming phones first launched in 2003, will be run down this year.

Nokia has not disclosed data on its bundled music service “Comes with Music,” which lets users download unlimited music that can be kept after a yearly contract has expired, but has said takeup in Europe has not matched its expectations.

And the firm has yet to reap the benefits from its glitziest push into services, its $8.1 billion purchase of digital map maker Navteq in 2007. In January Nokia said it would offer free navigation on its phones to try to boost sales and prices.

EXPOSURE TO THE CUT-THROAT TELECOM GEAR MARKET

Nokia has long said its exposure to the telecom infrastructure market, first through Nokia Networks and then via its Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN) joint venture, gives it better insight into designing phones that work better on networks around the globe.

While this may be true — Nokia phones usually rank high in terms of voice quality and the firm has a bumper crop of cellular patents — it has come with a cost.

The market has struggled for years with reduced operator investments and tough competition from China’s Huawei and ZTE.

NSN said on Monday it will buy Motorola’s telecom network equipment business for $1.2 billion in an effort to add new customers in markets such as Japan and North America and bolster its position behind market leader Ericsson.

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(Reporting by Tarmo Virki; Editing by Samia Nakhoul)

Factbox: Key problems facing Nokia CEO