Factbox: National commitments promised at nuclear summit

(BestGrowthStock) – World leaders at a 47-nation nuclear security summit in Washington offered various promises as part of an effort to make the world safer by taking joint actions to prevent terrorist groups from getting nuclear weapons.

Following is a list of some of the commitments:

CANADA

Canada said it would return spent nuclear fuel to the United States, its supplier, as part of a global drive to secure fissile materials.

Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper said a “significant quantity” of used highly enriched uranium stored at Canada’s Chalk River National Laboratories would be repatriated by 2018.

The country also promised to help fund highly enriched uranium removals from Mexico and Vietnam and announced a $100 million bilateral security cooperation deal with Russia.

CHILE

Removed all highly enriched uranium (18 kg) in March 2010.

KAZAKHSTAN

Will convert a highly enriched uranium research reactor and eliminate remaining highly enriched uranium. It also vowed cooperative work on both the shutdown of the BN-350 reactor and fuel security.

MEXICO

Said it would work with the United States and Canada and the International Atomic Energy Agency to convert Mexico’s research reactor from the use of highly enriched uranium to low enriched uranium fuel.

The conversion of the reactor will enable the elimination of all the remaining highly enriched uranium from Mexico.

NORWAY

Will contribute $3.3 million over the next four years to the International Atomic Energy Agency’s nuclear security fund for use for activities in developing countries. It will also support Kazakhstan’s efforts to prevent nuclear smuggling.

PAKISTAN

The country of the disgraced nuclear scientist who provided Iran, Libya and North Korea with uranium enrichment technology, is once again offering its atomic fuel services to the world.

Pakistani Prime Minister Yusuf Raza Gilani made the public offer in a statement of his country’s commitments presented at U.S. President Barack Obama’s two-day summit on nuclear security. The written statement was distributed on Tuesday.

“As a country with advanced fuel capability, Pakistan is in a position to provide nuclear fuel cycle services under IAEA (U.N. International Atomic Energy Agency) safeguards, and to participate in any non-discriminatory nuclear fuel cycle assurance mechanism,” Gilani’s statement said.

RUSSIA

Signed a deal with the United States, its former Cold War foe, to dispose of tons of weapons-grade plutonium.

The agreement calls on each side to dispose of 34 metric tons of plutonium by burning it in nuclear reactors.

Russia says it will spend about $2.5 billion on the program, with the United States contributing some $400 million to help permanently destroy the material.

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said the plutonium that would be disposed by both countries was enough for nearly 17,000 nuclear weapons.

Russia also announced the imminent shutdown of the ADE-2 reactor in the formerly secret Siberian city of Zheleznogorsk. It is Russia’s final plutonium reactor, which had been producing weapons-grade plutonium for nearly 52 years.

UKRAINE

Ukraine will get rid of its stockpile of highly enriched uranium by 2012, and will remove half of it by the end of this year.

The United States and Ukraine agreed to work together on the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and Washington, which has contributed $250 million to efforts to safeguard the Chernobyl site, would continue to support Ukraine and others in making the area safe, the statement from the two countries said.

UNITED STATES

The United States has six remaining highly enriched uranium-fueled reactors that will be converted to use low enriched uranium fuel once acceptable fuel has been developed. In 2009, it completed conversion of 20 highly enriched uranium fueled reactors.

The United States is working to develop and deploy new neutron detection technologies. The time frame for the effort has been shortened to 18 months from five years.

Provides financial support to share the latest information on nuclear security. Is ready to join Canadians to call for G8 countries to commit up to $10 billion to stop the spread of weapons of mass destruction and improve nuclear security in countries not previously eligible for G8 assistance.

VIETNAM

Committed to convert a highly enriched uranium research reactor and joined the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism.

Stock Market Today

(Reporting by Deborah Charles; Editing by Peter Cooney)

Factbox: National commitments promised at nuclear summit