FACTBOX-Other major marine oil spills

April 29 (BestGrowthStock) – A widening oil spill off the U.S. Gulf
coast was expected to make landfall on Friday evening and the
White House declared the spill an incident of national
significance.

Following are some of the world’s major marine oil spills:

1991 – During the Gulf War, Iraqi forces opened valves and
destroyed oil facilities in Kuwait, releasing about 520 million
gallons (1.9 billion litres) of oil, creating a slick that
covered some 4,000 square miles (10,360 square km) in the
biggest spill in history.

1989 – The Exxon Valdez ran aground on a reef in Alaska’s
Prince William Sound, spilling 10.8 million gallons (40.8
million litres) of oil. It polluted more than 1,100 miles
(1,609 km) of coastline and devastated wildlife in the largest
spill in U.S. history.

1983 – In the gulf off Iran, a tanker struck a drilling
platform which collapsed into the sea, releasing some 80
million gallons (303 million litres) before it was repaired.

1983 – The Castillo de Bellver sanks off the South African
coast, spilling 79 million gallons (300 million litres) of
oil.

1979 – A Greek oil tanker collided with another ship during
a tropical storm, spilling 90 million gallons (340 million
litres) of crude oil off the coast of Trinidad and Tobago.

1978 – The Ixtoc exploratory well blew out in the Bay of
Campeche off Ciudad del Carmen, Mexico. By the time it was
brought under control almost a year later, it spilled some 140
million gallons (530 million litres) of oil into the bay.

1978 – The Amoco Cadiz ran aground off the coast of
Britanny, France, spilling its entire cargo of 69 million
gallons (260 million litres) of oil and polluting 200 miles
(322 km) of coastline.

1967 – The Torrey Canyon, one of the first oil supertankers,
hit a reef and spilled 31 million gallons (117 million litres)
of crude oil in the sea between England and France in the first
major oil spill. It contaminated about 180 miles of coast (290
km), and many of the attempted measures to clean up the slick
proved more deadly to wildlife than the oil.

Stock Market Research
(Editing by Xavier Briand)

FACTBOX-Other major marine oil spills