Pemex exec kidnapping rattles Mexico oil industry

* Kidnapping of Pemex manager unnerves oil industry

* Foreign investors nervous over security in Mexico

By Robert Campbell

MEXICO CITY, May 11 (BestGrowthStock) – Driving home along rough,
poorly lit roads to the southern Mexican city of Villahermosa,
an oil executive and his driver stopped at a roadside eatery
for dinner when they were cornered by armed men.

The gunmen seized Nestor Martinez, who manages a production
unit for energy monopoly Pemex in the oil-rich state of
Tabasco, and sent his driver on to deliver the news he had been
kidnapped, industry sources say.

Martinez was released a few days after his abduction last
month but a spate of kidnappings of Pemex executives has shaken
the oil industry in a country where drug cartels and organized
crime gangs are increasingly spooking foreign investors.

“Everyone has heard about it but there has been no official
statement. It’s really frightening,” said a Pemex employee in
Villahermosa, who declined to be identified because he is not
authorized to speak with reporters.

A Pemex spokesman declined to comment on the case, and the
industry sources could not confirm local media reports that a
large ransom was paid to free Martinez, also president of the
national petroleum engineers’ association.

Mexico is in the grip of a brutal drugs war that has killed
some 23,000 people, mainly traffickers and police, since
President Felipe Calderon took power in late 2006. The army
crackdown launched by Calderon has fanned turf wars between
rival gangs and battles against security forces.

Extortion of businesses and kidnapping is rife, although
many abductions are not reported because of a widespread
mistrust of Mexico’s police, so numbers are hard to pin down.

Businesses often deal with private security experts rather
than the police when executives are abducted and they usually
try to keep cases quiet for fear of attracting more criminal

Calderon’s government has appealed to the public to report
more crimes, and around 100 kidnappings a month were reported
to authorities last year, a more than 80 percent jump on 2008,
according to Mexican consultancy RRS y Asociados.


Organized crime in Mexico is dominated by powerful drug
gangs that hold sway in different areas, running everything
from cocaine-smuggling routes to car thefts.

A majority of firms surveyed by the American Chamber of
Commerce of Mexico said earlier this year they felt less safe
than before. More than a quarter said they were reconsidering
their investment plans in Mexico due to security concerns.

“We have clients that in the past year have spent a lot of
money on physical security and many are now restricting the
travel of their executives,” said Fred Burton, vice president
of intelligence at U.S. security consultancy Stratfor.

Burton estimates official Mexican statistics may only
account for a third of all abductions. “It’s not uncommon for a
senior executive to fly into the country and leave the same day
rather than take the risk of staying overnight.”

Martinez is the fourth Pemex employee to be abducted from
his production unit since March, according to a Tabasco
newspaper. A fifth Pemex employee, who works in petrochemicals,
was also abducted recently, the paper reported.

“This is not a good development for the oil industry and
shows security is a growing concern,” said a U.S. consultant
who works with Pemex, asking not to be quoted by name.

Security concerns are unlikely to lead to an exodus of oil
services companies from Mexico due to the lucrative work doled
out by Pemex as it struggles to halt declining oil production.

But the abductions are one more headache for Pemex which
already struggles with criminal gangs and corrupt employees
pilfering some $750 million of fuel and oil from its pipelines
each year and stealing valuable spare parts and equipment.

Calls have intensified to move Mexico’s annual petroleum
conference in June from the Gulf coastal city of Tampico in the
drug-gang infested state of Tamaulipas to a safer location.

“Nobody wanted to go to Tampico before but now there is a
lot pressure to change the location. Who wants to send their
executives there?” said a person at a Pemex contractor.

Stock Investing
(Editing by Catherine Bremer and Kieran Murray)

Pemex exec kidnapping rattles Mexico oil industry