RPT-Q+A-What next after IMF/EU ice Hungary’s review?

(Repeats item filed on July 18)

By Gergely Szakacs

BUDAPEST, July 18 (BestGrowthStock) – The International Monetary
Fund and the European Union have suspended a review of Hungary’s
20 billion euro financing agreement, but left the door open for
more talks with the new centre-right Fidesz government.

The decision means Hungary, which uses the package as a
safety net, will not have immediate access to undrawn funds of
5.5 billion euros from the financing deal slated to expire in


For main story, see [ID:nLDE66G0AP]

For an analysis, see [ID:nLDE66H021]

Interview with the IMF’s Rosenberg [ID:nLDE66G0B3]


Here are some questions and answers on what lies ahead.


The forint (EURHUF=: ), central Europe’s second-worst
performing currency behind the Serbian dinar this year, is bound
to weaken, probably in excess of one percent, and government
bond yields will rise when local markets reopen on Monday.

That will increase Hungary’s borrowing costs and heightened
market volatility may also force the central bank, which will
discuss interest rates at a regular rate meeting on Monday, into
adopting a more hawkish line.

The bank kept interest rates at a record low of 5.25 percent
at the past two meetings after 10 months of easing worth 425
basis points. All 25 analysts in a Reuters poll on Thursday
expected the bank to hold fire again. [ID:nLDE66D20H]

But some analysts said that after Saturday’s unexpected
suspension of talks with lenders, the bank may consider a rate
hike if markets plunge on Monday.

Falls in the forint will also put pressure on Hungarian
households holding trillions of forints worth of foreign
currency mortgages, primarily in the volatile Swiss franc
(CHFHUF=: ), which hit record highs versus the forint in July.

With scarce details on the government’s plans for reforms
and no clarity on its 2011 budget plans, a sustained period of
uncertainty would have a negative impact on Hungarian markets.


Analysts said despite the talks falling through this week,
the government would eventually come to an agreement with the
IMF and the European Union, but a deal may not materialise until
local government elections due on Oct. 3. [ID:nLDE66E0XK]

That will give more time for Fidesz to formulate plans on
the 2011 budget and on how it wants to transform loss-making
state transportation companies into viable businesses able to
remain afloat without constant state support.

Analysts said the lack of agreement may also have been a
tactical move by the government to postpone the announcement of
painful budget cuts needed to cut the deficit below the EU’s 3
percent ceiling next year until after the October poll.

Hungary’s government must also seal the review of the
current deal if, as announced earlier, it wants to secure a
two-year precautionary agreement worth 10-20 billion euros to
serve as a safety net in 2011-12. [ID:nLDE6610H3]


Hungary has been able to finance itself from the markets
since last year and has all of its foreign issuance plans for
this year already covered.

Earlier this week debt agency AKK sold all bonds on offer at
an auction and raised its 10-year offer by 5 billion forints,
with yields dropping about 25-30 basis points across the curve
from the previous tenders two weeks earlier. (HUAUCTION02: )

So far the state has drawn about 12.8 billion euros of the
20 billion available in the IMF/EU package and analysts have
said it could safely finance this year’s budget deficit with the
help of its available unspent IMF and EU funds worth about 3.5
billion euros. On top of this the central bank has called down
1.4 billion euros from the package and put it in its reserves.


The government itself has said it would use a new agreement
with the IMF and the EU as a safety net, and not rely on it to
cover its funding needs for the next two years.

Analysts said not having a new agreement with international
lenders after the current one expires in October would be risky
as the deal would be an important credibility anchor but Hungary
could still be able to finance itself from the markets.

In a worst case scenario, however, the lack of an agreement
with lenders now may trigger a negative market reaction which
would leave the government with no choice but to seek the IMF’s
good graces again.

(Reporting by Gergely Szakacs; editing by John Stonestreet)

RPT-Q+A-What next after IMF/EU ice Hungary’s review?