UPDATE 2-FACTBOX-Commentaries on euro zone debt crisis

(Adds Greek editorials)

May 11 (BestGrowthStock) – Following are extracts from Tuesday’s
newspapers across Europe on the euro zone crisis, after the
unveiling of a $1 trillion emergency rescue package to stabilise
the euro. [ID:nSGE6490HH]

GREEK NEWSPAPERS

TA NEA (LEFT-LEANING DAILY)

“In these difficult times of it was heart-warming to see the
images of Europe’s leaders confidently announcing that they have
found a way to fend off speculators and protect the common
currency.”

“Even if they were late, these images were gratifying for
the collective conscience.”

“The Brussels agreement is a powerful protective shield for
European people. But, for Greeks in particular, this decision
will not lift the heavy cross that workers need to bear in the
following years.

TO VIMA (LEFT-LEANING DAILY)

“Greece has been warning for months now that speculators
were creating the market pressure and that Europe as an
institution was being undermined. Few were convinced by those
warnings.”

“On Friday, everyone was finally convinced about the size of
the threat. This is one more sign that Europe must change, it
must accept that the European house is our common home. In this
home there are no poor relatives and no evictions are allowed.”

GERMAN NEWSPAPERS

BILD (MASS CIRCULATION)

Front page headline: “We are Europe’s fools again!”

“Yes, the euro is a godsend. Yes, the euro is a guarantor of
our peace and wealth. Yes, leaving the euro should never be an
issue for us Germans.”

“But the “rescue umbrella” for the euro is a failure for
Europe. It is what the fathers of the euro, above all Helmut
Kohl, did not want… Angela Merkel, the “Iron Chancellor” has
rolled over and we are taken to the cleaners.”

“We Germans have made sacrifices for a stable euro for the
last 10 years with wage restraint and no pensions’ rises. We
have paid the price while others have been partying at our
expense… Now the Chancellor is telling us some of the truth:
there will be no tax cuts in the next two years. That is the
shocking message: others have notched up debts and we must
tighten our belts. Europe’s road into the Transfer Union is
leading us into decay!”

SUEDDEUTSCHE ZEITUNG (CENTRE-LEFT)

“750 billion euros is a huge amount.. it commands respect
and possibly fear.”

“Fear is fuelled by a broad lack of understanding about what
is happening on financial markets.. but we are experiencing
things that can be explained… World states have lived over
their means for a long time.

“It is no peculiarity of the euro that its states, just like
other countries, are indebted. It is stupid to maintain that
member states who agreed the 750 billion euro promise have
fatally shot the euro. Actually, they have found normality.”

“At the time, politics dictated that something came together
that did not fit economically. A comparison with German
reunification is appropriate…things won’t be so economically
comfortable for the Germans from now on, just as West Germans
aren’t as comfortable as they were before reunification.

DIE WELT (CENTRE-RIGHT)

Comment from Joerg Eigendorf:

“Let us imagine that Angela Merkel had stood firm in the
night until Monday. The chancellor would have said no to the
desires of European neighbours to dig a grave for the
independence of the European Central Bank. And she would have
insisted on strengthening the stability pact.”

“You wouldn’t even want to imagine what would have happened
then. It is quite possible that such a steadfast position would
have meant the end of the euro. The consequence would have been
chaos in the whole of Europe. And we Germans would have been
once again guilty.”

“Precisely that shows the dilemma that Chancellor Merkel and
Germany are caught up in. We cannot push through our culture of
stability in Europe. Germany stood practically alone in the
night to Monday when the rescue of the euro was being debated.
The euro zone is dominated by countries for whom currency
stability is not so important. And leading the opposition is
President Nicolas Sarkozy, whom the weakened chancellor could
little oppose. With a devastating result: what seemed yesterday
set into stone is today no longer valid. Nothing symbolises that
more strongly than the loss of the central bank’s independence.
The power division between monetary and financial policy in
Europe is history.”

FRENCH NEWSPAPERS

LE MONDE

“One should of course rejoice about the fact that the
Europeans have at last succeeded in overcoming their differences
… the question is, is it already too late?”

Le Monde said one worrying point was the loss of credibility
for the ECB and its governor, Jean-Claude Trichet, who had first
of all failed to prevent the IMF getting involved and then
failed to prevent the ECB from buying up euro zone debt.

“That is a lot of bitter medicine to swallow for the ECB,
which up until now was the only European institution to inspire
confidence amongst the major international investors.”

The newspaper concluded: “The emergency plan will bring down
the fever but won’t cure the patient.”

LIBERATION (LEFT-LEANING DAILY)

“For the first time, Europe has rejected its monetarist
shackles and put in question the sacred independence of the ECB
… (But) this plan, put together during the emergency of a
contagious crisis, does not tackle the fundamental realities of
the euro zone. Is the structural disparity between economies as
disparate as Germany and Greece, sustainable? Are the 27 (member
states) ready to abdicate their sovereignty to regulate the
markets and banks and to coordinate their budget and fiscal
policy? If not, this plan will just serve as morphine, as the
IMF has confessed.”

LES ECHOS (BUSINESS DAILY)

“The excess of debt, which threatens to kill off the euro,
concerns us all. The only way to get rid of it, without having
to suffer the lot of Greece, is to be bold with reforms that
will help economic growth take off. If only Europe could
demonstrate the same voluntarism over the long term as it does
in the face of an emergency.”

SPANISH NEWSPAPERS

EL PAIS

“This is a public financial intervention without precedents
to save the euro. European officials have now offered an image
of the euro zone governing itself for the first time. Whether
they admit it or not, this is a step towards a common economic
government for the euro zone.”

“But the success of this weekend gives no guarantee of
future successes. The exceptional measure is equivalent to
buying time for the countries that are affected by investor
doubts about their abilities to carry out adjustments.”

“It is not enough to announce adjustments, they have to be
credible and they have to be applied. The Spanish government is
one of the destinations for this message. The government has
announced additional measures but we still don’t know how this
savings will be achieved.”

ABC

“With the focus firmly on Portugal, and above all Spain, the
intervention by the European Union and European Central Bank has
provided relief as the risk of an imminent liquidity crisis had
threatened to turn into a long-term crisis of solvency.”

“After what happened this weekend and the initial market
reaction, the government cannot continue hiding. It may return
to the temptation of blaming the financial markets, but now it
is not just accountable at the ballot box but also to its
European partners, who need to be convinced that Spain deserves
the credit it lost in recent weeks.”

“After the help from the EU, the government needs to take
advantage of this last chance to redirect the Spanish economy.
If it doesn’t do it, it will be the EU that exhibits publicly
the misery of a government that is imprisoned by its own
negligence.”

PORTUGUESE NEWSPAPERS

DIARIO DE NOTICIAS

“Yesterday, Prime Minister Jose Socrates could breathe a
sigh of relief: with the announcement of new austerity measures
and the European plan to save the euro and the countries that
need help, Portugal was finally safe from a catastrophe.”

“But as the ECB’s Vitor Constancio warned, it is important
that the Portuguese government doesn’t conclude that the storm
is over… The European plan offers the safety net, but doesn’t
save Portugal from the abyss.”

PUBLICO

“Similarly to what happened with Greece, Portugal doesn’t
have a choice: either it faces its financial problems seriously,
or it can stop counting on the protection and complacency of its
partners in the single currency.”

“It was in the sequence of that pressure, or threat, that
the prime minister decided to announce cuts in public works
spending and the finance minister signalled the possibility of
raising taxes. Placed between the sword and the wall, the
government did the possible: it chose the wall.”
Stock Basics

(Reporting by Crispian Balmer, Sarah Marsh, Madeline Chambers,
Christopher Lawton, Shrikesh Laxmidas; Editing by Maria
Golovnina and Reed Stevenson)

UPDATE 2-FACTBOX-Commentaries on euro zone debt crisis