WRAPUP 2-US House gives final passage to Obama tax deal

* Bill heads to Obama to sign into law

* Many of the president’s fellow Democrats vote no

* IMF chief says stimulus needed, but warns of debt
(Adds quotes, details, background)

By Kim Dixon and Thomas Ferraro

WASHINGTON, Dec 17 (BestGrowthStock) – The U.S. Congress gave final
approval late on Thursday to the deal President Barack Obama
and Republicans made to extend expiring tax cuts — a
high-stakes gamble to create jobs at a cost of deepening the
U.S. debt.

Over objections from many of Obama’s fellow Democrats, the
House of Representatives, on a 277-148 vote, passed the $858
billion package of renewed tax cuts and more unemployment
benefits in an economy saddled with a nearly 10 percent jobless

The measure, approved overwhelmingly by the Senate on
Wednesday, was expected to provide at least a short-term boost
to the U.S. economy but add to a $14 trillion national debt
that some fear is nearing dangerous levels.

Many Democrats complained that Washington was handing some
of the nation’s wealthiest people tax breaks they said would
not be reinvested into the fragile economy. But backers of the
measure prevailed.

“If it works well, our (economic) growth rate should go up
at least a full point next year,” reducing the jobless rate,
said Democratic Representative Jane Harman. “That is worth
taking this bet.”


Full coverage of tax and deficit debates [ID:nN06200548]

Microsite-Taxes and deficit http://r.reuters.com/des29q


Like the Senate, much of the House support came from
Republicans. Democrats were deeply divided on the bill. Only a
few dozen out of 179 Republicans voted against it.

Congress was racing to enact the legislation as it faced an
end-of-year deadline when the Bush-era tax cuts from 2001 and
2003 were set to expire.

The bill marked the second time in nearly two years that
Congress rammed through a massive economic stimulus. The first
one, Obama’s $814 billion spending bill, was opposed by
Republicans who complained about its impact on annual deficits,
now hovering at about $1.3 trillion annually.

IMF Managing Director Dominique Strauss-Kahn said economic
stimulus was vital for the United States because “growth is the
main problem to fix.”

“But, having in mind always that there is no free lunch.
And so what you do today has to be repaid later on. And you
cannot just do it now without saying, ‘How are you going to
repay it?'” Strauss-Kahn told Reuters on Thursday.

The bill would extend tax cuts for two years for millions
of Americans, even the wealthiest. Besides renewing jobless
benefits it would provide a variety of other tax breaks for
working families, college students and businesses. It also
would prevent a spike in taxes on capital gains and dividends.

Republican Representative Mike Pence, who is exploring a
possible run for president in 2012, criticized the legislation
because it only extended the tax cuts temporarily.

“The reality is uncertainty is the enemy of prosperity,”
Pence said. “It’s a bad deal for taxpayers, it’ll do little to
create jobs.”


The bill represents a major victory for Republicans, who
fought hard to keep taxes low on the highest incomes, and marks
a move to the political center by Obama after his party lost
congressional elections in November.

Many economists predict the tax package could add up to 1
percentage point to economic growth next year, due partly
to a one-year cut in the payroll tax and removal of uncertainty
about taxes in general.

With more money in their pockets, Obama hopes people will
spend more and thus encourage job growth.

Particularly irksome to House Democrats was a provision
raising the exemption threshold for the estate tax to $5
million from $3.5 million in 2009 and cutting the estate tax
rate to 35 percent from 45 percent.

House Democrats’ attempts to raise that tax failed.

Obama’s current position on taxes contrasts sharply with
his stance earlier this year when he and his fellow Democrats
fought against renewing tax reductions for the wealthiest
Americans — those with household incomes above $250,000 —
while supporting continued cuts for middle-class taxpayers.

But with Republicans drawing a line in the sand on the
issue and scoring major victories in Nov. 2 congressional
elections, Obama acquiesced on tax cuts for upper-income
(Writing by Richard Cowan; Additional reporting by Donna
Smith and David Morgan; Editing by Peter Cooney)

WRAPUP 2-US House gives final passage to Obama tax deal